The Toowoomba region covers an area rich in Australian history. The region has a strong aboriginal history, with the Indigenous tribes of the Jagera, Giabal and Jarowair people inhabiting the region for at least 40,000 years before European settlement which came in the early 1800s.
When explorers set their eyes upon the fertile land it became destined to be one of the country’s rural heartlands and give birth to the vibrant city of Toowoomba and surrounding towns.
The area around Toowoomba was first explored by English explorer Allan Cunningham who discovered and named the Darling Downs after the New South Wales Governor, Sir Ralph Darling. Toowoomba as a township grew up in the 1840s developing as a convenient stopping place between Moreton Bay and the west.
The first settlement was at Drayton, which can also lay claim to being the first town established beyond the Great Dividing Range in Queensland. It was settled in 1842 and five years later the Royal Bulls Head Inn was built. Toowoomba was officially declared a municipality in 1860, became a town in 1887, and was declared a city in 1904.
Between 1920 and 1950, Toowoomba was home to an influx of American and Australia troops who took over parks and buildings for recreational, hospital and training purposes during the Second World War. Following this period, Toowoomba proceeded to build and add tertiary services, public service departments and military bases.
This meant the expansion of a centre that has previously only been known as a commercial, agricultural and educational centre. Over the past two centuries, the region has continued to attract new residents and grow to become the second largest inland city.